@cerebral/http

Install

NPM

npm install @cerebral/http

Description

The HTTP provider exposes the ability to do HTTP requests both in actions and directly in signals. It supports cors and file upload, with progress handling. It default to json, but you can configure it to whatever you want.

Read more about http in the Cerebral in depth - Http article.

import {set} from 'cerebral/operators'
import {httpGet} from '@cerebral/http/operators'
import {state, props, string} from 'cerebral/tags'

export default [
  httpGet(string`/items/${props`itemKey`}`),
  set(state`app.currentItem`, props`result`)
]

All factories of HTTP provider supports template tags.

Instantiate

import {Controller} from 'cerebral'
import HttpProvider from '@cerebral/http'

const controller = Controller({
  providers: [
    HttpProvider({
      // Prefix all requests with this url
      baseUrl: 'https://api.github.com',

      // Any default headers to pass on requests
      headers: {
        'Content-Type': 'application/json; charset=UTF-8',
        'Accept': 'application/json'
      },

      // When talking to cross origin (cors), pass cookies
      // if set to true
      withCredentials: false
    })
  ]
})

You can update these default options in an action:

function updateDefaultHttpOptions({http}) {
  http.updateOptions({
    // Updated options
  })
}

abort

You can abort any running request, causing the request to resolve as status code 0 and set an isAborted property on the response object.

function searchItems({input, state, path, http}) {
  http.abort('/items*') // regexp string
  return http.get(`/items?query=${input.query}`)
    .then(path.success)
    .catch((error) => {
      if (error.isAborted) {
        return path.abort()
      }

      return path.error({error})
    })
}

export default [
  searchItems, {
    success: [],
    error: [],
    abort: []
  }
]

cors

Cors has been turned into a “black box” by jQuery. Cors is actually a very simple concept, but due to a lot of confusion of “Request not allowed”, cors has been an option to help out. In HttpProvider we try to give you the insight to understand how cors actually works.

Cors has nothing to do with the client. The only client configuration related to cors is the withCredentials option, which makes sure cookies are passed to the cross origin server. The only requirement for cors to work is that you pass the correct Content-Type. Now, this depends on the server in question. Some servers allows any content-type, others require a specific one. These are the typical ones:

  • text/plain
  • application/x-www-form-urlencoded
  • application/json; charset=UTF-8

Note that this is only related to the request. If you want to define what you want as response, you set the Accept header, which is application/json by default.

errors

HttpProviderError

import {HttpProviderError} from '@cerebral/http'

// Error structure
{
  name: 'HttpProviderError',
  message: 'Some error message or responseText',
  response: {
    result: {}, // Parsed responseText
    headers: {},
    status: 200,
    isAborted: false
  },
  stack: '...'
}

This error is available in the following scenarios:

  • Inside an action
function someAction ({http}) {
  return http.get('/something').catch(error => ...)
}
  • Going down an error path
[
  httpGet('/something'), {
    success: [],
    error: [
      // {error: ...}
    ]
  }
]
  • To signal/global catch handlers
const errorCatched = [
  // {error: ...}
  displayError
]

Controller({
  catch: new Map([
    [HttpProviderError, errorCatched]
  ])
})

delete

action

function someDeleteAction ({http}) {
  const query = {}
  const options = {}

  return http.delete('/items/1', query, options)
    .then((response) => {
      return {response}
    })
    .catch((error) => {
      return {error}
    })
}

operator

import {httpDelete} from '@cerebral/http/operators'
import {state} from 'cerebral/tags'

export default [
  httpDelete(string`/items/${state`currentItemId`}`),
  /*
    PROPS: {
      response: {...}
    }
  */
]

operator with paths

import {httpDelete} from '@cerebral/http/operators'
import {state} from 'cerebral/tags'

export default [
  httpDelete(string`/items/${state`currentItemId`}`), {
    success: [
      /* PROPS: {response: {...}} */
    ],
    error: [
      /* PROPS: {error: {...}} */
    ],
    abort: [
      /* PROPS: {error: {...}} */
    ],

    // Optionally any status code, ex. 404: []
    '${STATUS_CODE}': [
      /* PROPS: {response/error: {...}} */
    ]
  }
]

get

action

function someGetAction ({http}) {
  const query = {}
  const options = {}

  return http.get('/items', query, options)
    .then((response) => {
      return {someResponse: response}
    })
    .catch((error) => {
      return {someError: error}
    })
}

operator

import {httpGet} from '@cerebral/http/operators'

export default [
  httpGet('/items'),
  /*
    PROPS: {
      response: {...}
    }
  */
]

On error this will throw to the signal or global catch handler.

operator with paths

import {httpGet} from '@cerebral/http/operators'

export default [
  httpGet('/items'), {
    success: [
      /* PROPS: {response: {...}} */
    ],
    error: [
      /* PROPS: {error: {...}} */
    ],
    abort: [
      /* PROPS: {error: {...}} */
    ],

    // Optionally any status code, ex. 404: []
    '${STATUS_CODE}': [
      /* PROPS: {response/error: {...}} */
    ]
  }
]

patch

action

function somePatchAction ({http}) {
  const data = {}
  const options = {}

  return http.patch('/items/1', data, options)
    .then((response) => {
      return {response}
    })
    .catch((error) => {
      return {error}
    })
}

operator

import {httpPatch} from '@cerebral/http/operators'
import {state, props, string} from 'cerebral/tags'

export default [
  httpPatch(string`/items/${props`itemId`}`, state`patchData`),
  /*
    PROPS: {
      response: {...}
    }
  */
]

operator with paths

import {httpPatch} from '@cerebral/http/operators'
import {state, props, string} from 'cerebral/tags'

export default [
  httpPatch(string`/items/${props`itemId`}`, state`patchData`), {
    success: [
      /* PROPS: {response: {...}} */
    ],
    error: [
      /* PROPS: {error: {...}} */
    ],
    abort: [
      /* PROPS: {error: {...}} */
    ],

    // Optionally any status code, ex. 404: []
    '${STATUS_CODE}': [
      /* PROPS: {response/error: {...}} */
    ]
  }
]

post

action

function somePostAction ({http}) {
  const data = {}
  const options = {}

  return http.post('/items', data, options)
    .then((response) => {
      return {response}
    })
    .catch((error) => {
      return {error}
    })
}

operator

import {httpPost} from '@cerebral/http/operators'
import {props} from 'cerebral/tags'

export default [
  httpPost('/items', {
    title: props`itemTitle`,
    foo: 'bar'
  }),
  /*
    PROPS: {
      response: {...}
    }
  */
]

operator with paths

import {httpPost} from '@cerebral/http/operators'
import {props} from 'cerebral/tags'

export default [
  httpPost('/items', {
    title: props`itemTitle`,
    foo: 'bar'
  }), {
    success: [
      /* PROPS: {response: {...}} */
    ],
    error: [
      /* PROPS: {error: {...}} */
    ],
    abort: [
      /* PROPS: {error: {...}} */
    ],

    // Optionally any status code, ex. 404: []
    '${STATUS_CODE}': [
      /* PROPS: {response/error: {...}} */
    ]
  }
]

put

action

function somePutAction ({http}) {
  const data = {}
  const options = {}

  return http.put('/items/1', data, options)
    .then((response) => {
      return {response}
    })
    .catch((error) => {
      return {error}
    })
}

operator

import {httpPut} from '@cerebral/http/operators'

export default [
  httpPut('/items', {
    // data object
  }),
  /*
    PROPS: {
      response: {...}
    }
  */
]

operator with paths

import {httpPut} from '@cerebral/http/operators'

export default [
  httpPut('/items', {
    // data object
  }), {
    success: [
      /* PROPS: {response: {...}} */
    ],
    error: [
      /* PROPS: {error: {...}} */
    ],
    abort: [
      /* PROPS: {error: {...}} */
    ],

    // Optionally any status code, ex. 404: []
    '${STATUS_CODE}': [
      /* PROPS: {response/error: {...}} */
    ]
  }
]

responses

There are two types of responses from the HTTP provider. A response and an error of type HttpProviderError. A response will be received on status codes 200-299. Everything else is an error.

response

{
  result: 'the response body',
  headers: {...},
  status: 200,
  isAborted: false
}

error

{
  name: 'HttpProviderError',
  message: 'Some potential error message',
  result: 'Message or response body',
  status: 500,
  isAborted: false,
  headers: {},
  stack: '...'
}

request

function someGetAction ({http}) {
  return http.request({
    // Any http method
    method: 'GET',

    // Url you want to request to
    url: '/items'

    // Request body as object. Will automatically be stringified if json and
    // urlEncoded if application/x-www-form-urlencoded
    body: {},

    // Query as object, will automatically be urlEncoded
    query: {},

    // If cross origin request, pass cookies
    withCredentials: false,

    // Any additional http headers, or overwrite default
    headers: {},

    // A function or signal path (foo.bar.requestProgressed) that
    // triggers on request progress. Passes {progress: 45} etc.
    onProgress: null
  })
}

uploadFile

action

function someDeleteAction ({http, props}) {
  return http.uploadFile('/upload', props.files, {
    name: 'filename.png', // Default to "files"
    data: {}, // Additional form data
    headers: {},
    onProgress: 'some.signal.path' // Upload progress
  })
    .then((response) => {
      return {response}
    })
    .catch((error) => {
      return {error}
    })
}

operator

import {httpUploadFile} from '@cerebral/http/operators'
import {state, props} from 'cerebral/tags'

export default [
  httpUploadFile('/uploads', props`file`, {
    name: state`currentFileName`
  }), {
    success: [
      /* PROPS: {response: {...}} */
    ],
    error: [
      /* PROPS: {error: {...}} */
    ],
    abort: [
      /* PROPS: {error: {...}} */
    ],

    // Optionally any status code, ex. 404: []
    '${STATUS_CODE}': [
      /* PROPS: {response/error: {...}} */
    ]
  }
]

operator with paths

import {httpUploadFile} from '@cerebral/http/operators'
import {state, props} from 'cerebral/tags'

export default [
  httpUploadFile('/uploads', props`file`, {
    name: state`currentFileName`
  }),
  /*
    PROPS: {
      response: {...}
    }
  */
]